On the same day that U.S. and Taliban negotiators signed the agreement between the United States and the Taliban in Doha, Defense Minister Esper, Secretary of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO), Jens Stoltenberg, and Afghan President Ashraf Ghani signed a joint declaration [PDF] in Kabul, Afghanistan. Like the agreement between the United States and the Taliban, the joint declaration identifies four objectives for achieving peace in Afghanistan and regional stability, the last two objectives being based on the status of the first two: the February 29 agreement between the United States and the Taliban required the insurgents to end their ties with Al Qaeda and other terrorist groups and to negotiate a political agreement with Afghan rivals to end the old conflict. 19 years, so that thousands of remaining U.S. troops can leave the country by May 2011. The agreement between the United States and the Taliban promised that “up to 5,000” Taliban detainees would be released by the Afghan government before the negotiations, in exchange for 1,000 members of the security forces held by the militants. Second, issues relating to the composition of a future Afghan state must be resolved so that negotiations can be considered a success. The Afghan government and the Taliban will have to address fundamental ideological concerns, as well as deep and practical concerns about power-sharing, transitional justice and disarmament, the demobilization and reintegration of the Taliban into the Afghan security forces. The Taliban`s stated goal for Afghanistan was to restore the overthrown Islamic Emirate in 2001. If the Taliban take their participation in these negotiations seriously and enter into a power-sharing agreement with the Afghan government, they must be flexible and willing to compromise, including for others. Afghan President Ashraf Ghani`s spokesman, Sediq Sediqqi, said on Twitter, quoting the Afghan head of state: “The agreement is a step forward towards opening negotiations on the most important issues, including a comprehensive ceasefire as a central demand of the Afghan people.” After lengthy negotiations, the agreement between the United States and the Taliban and the joint declaration of the Afghan U.S.
government were signed in February 2020. These agreements were seen as necessary and important first steps for intra-Afghan negotiations – and thus to achieve peace in Afghanistan – but they do not guarantee that intra-Afghan negotiations will be successful. The United States has pledged to withdraw all its armed forces – as well as allies, partners and civil security personnel – within 14 months of the signing of the agreement, until the Taliban proves its commitment to the agreement. Probably in good faith, the United States also committed to move its troops to 8,600 and withdraw them from 5 military bases within the first 135 days. “We agreed to reset the measures in strict compliance with the implementation of all elements of the U.S.-Taliban agreement and all commitments made,” he said. A peaceful solution to the ongoing war in Afghanistan may be within reach. In February 2020, the United States reached an agreement with the Taliban and also signed a declaration with the Afghan government to promote the launch of an internal peace process in Afghanistan. Many challenges still stand in the way of the success of these negotiations and, therefore, at the end of the longest war in the United States. The Center for Preventive Action (CPA) has gathered these resources on the prospects for peace in Afghanistan, including the context of recently signed agreements, key challenges and concerns related to the implementation of the agreements, and the role of powerful regional actors and their influence.
Third, the Taliban and the Afghan government face internal challenges that threaten their cohesion and credibility. The Afghan government is fragile. She was in-house on Mr. Ghani`s adoption of the agreement between the United States and the Taliban (in which the Afghan government did not participate) and in negotiations on the controversial outcome of the Afgh