In recent years, piracy has intensified off the coast of Somalia and the Gulf of Guinea. Pirate attacks pose a threat to the well-being of seafarers and the safety of navigation and commerce. These criminal acts can result in loss of life, personal injury or hostage-taking of seafarers, significant disruption to trade and navigation, financial losses to shipowners, higher insurance premiums and security costs, higher costs to consumers and producers, and damage to the marine environment. The United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) is combating transnational organized crime in Africa as part of its Global Maritime Crime Programme (GMCP), with a focus on combating piracy in the Horn of Africa and the Gulf of Guinea. The programme has supported states in the region by conducting trials and detention of suspected piracy suspects and by developing law enforcement capabilities in the area of maritime transport by facilitating training programmes. UNODC`s GMCP has had many successes in a challenging environment, ranging from the model of piracy, prisoner transfer and training of members of the Atlantic and Indian Ocean justice system to full-time tutoring for coastguards and police units in Somalia, Kenya and Ghana. This has been achieved through a large number of programmes aimed at promoting maritime security and strengthening the rule of law and judicial systems of countries. The innovative work of the United Nations towards the adoption of the 1982 Convention on the Law of the Sea is a crucial moment in extending international law to the immense common water resources of our planet. The Convention has resolved several important issues related to the use and sovereignty of the oceans, such as. B: Guilfoyle D (2009) Contract competence for pirates: a set of legal texts containing introductory notes, Contact Group on Piracy off the coast of Somalia, 26-27 August 2009, ucl.academia.edu/documents/0046/8186/Guilfoyle_Treaty_Jurisdiction_over_Pirates_CGPCS.pdf. Access 15 January 2010 Zou K (2009) New developments in international piracy law.